The key to the solution probably lies in distinguishing between the structure of the altar proper (thirty-two cubits square), and a platform of larger area (fifty cubits square = 75 ft.) on which it stood. The New Testament writer of Hebrews (13:10) implies that the ultimate altar is the cross. Four materials are recorded as being used in altars: stone, earth, metal, and brick. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. The incense-sticks, broken small, were then placed upon the coals. ( Genesis 8:20 ) In the early times altars were usually built in certain spots hallowed by religious associations, e.g., where God appeared. — [חֹק and חֻקָּה differ somewhat in shade of meaning and frequency in various writings: e.g. When Antiochus Epiphanes pillaged Jerusalem the altar of burnt offering was taken away. ( Genesis 12:7 ; Exodus 17:15 Exodus 17:16 ) Altars were most probably originally made of earth. "Hollow with planks," is its definition (Exodus 27:8). Ezekiel 28:11–19 seems to be a particularly strong indictment against the king of Tyre in the prophet Ezekiel’s day, rebuking the king for his insatiable pride and greed. When Naaman desired to cease sacrificing to any deity save the God of Israel he was confronted by the problem of deciding how he could sacrifice to Him outside this "place." It describes our beliefs and organization. I am the Lord who sanctifies them” (Ezekiel 20:12). Presumably at that altar he "called on the name of the Lord" ( Gen 12:8 ). (BN) 38 They have also done this to me: At that same time they defiled my sanctuary(BO) and desecrated my Sabbaths. The base or lowest stage was one cubit in height, and had a border round about, half a cubit high (Ezekiel 43:13); the remaining stages were two, four, and four cubits high respectively (Ezekiel 43:14,15); the horns may have measured another cubit (thus, the Septuagint). After Isaac was laid on the altar, but before he was sacrificed, God proclaimed his recognition that Isaac had "not [been] withheld." To this the patriarch returned on his way from Egypt (Genesis 13:4). The top is very slightly concave so as to hold perhaps an eighth of a pint of liquid" (PEFS (July, 1907), 196 f). Ezekiel 13 concerns the time just before the day of the Lord (verse 5), a time many believe we are living in today. (E) 4 The older was named Oholah, and her sister was Oholibah. The prohibition of steps in Exodus 20:26 and the analogy of later altars suggest that this small altar before the tabernacle was made to stand on a base or platform, led up to by a slope of earth. It is defined in detail in the exilic Book of Ezekiel as a land where both the twelve tribes and the "strangers in (their) midst", can claim inheritance. ( Exodus 30:6 ; 40:5 ) (b) The altar of Solomons temple was similar, ( 1 Kings 7:48 ; 1 Chronicles 28:18 ) but was made of cedar overlaid with gold. Here we must notice that It was served by priests. 7 She gave herself as a prostitute to all the elite of the Assyrians and defiled herself with all the idols of everyone she lusted after. Ezekiel 13:19 For handfuls of barley and fragments of bread, you have profaned Me to My people to put to death some who should not die and to keep others alive who should not live, by your lying to My people who listen to lies.”’” Into the corners of this grating, on two sides, rings were riveted, into which the staves were inserted by which the Ark was borne (see STAVES). Sacrifices were the primary medium of exchange in altar interactions. See also Offerings and Sacrifices; Priest, Priesthood. In Him “all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form” (Colossians 2:9). _III. Archaeology has provided numerous examples of altars from Palestine dating back to approximately 3000 b.c. It had a height of three cubits and a top of two cubits square. 16:13-19) There are three great prophets of the Exile: Ezekiel, Daniel, and Isaiah. Each of these four spots was the scene of some special revelation of Yahweh; possibly to the third of them (Hebron) we may attribute the memorable vision and covenant of Genesis 15. Jehovah’s Witnesses: Our official website provides online access to the Bible, Bible-based publications, and current news. In chastising the religious establishment, Jesus underlined the sacredness of the altar, making clear his understanding that the altar "makes the gift sacred" ( Matt 23:19 ). This, with the offering of incense upon it, were its only uses, as neither meal offerings might be laid upon it, nor libations of drink offerings poured thereon (Exodus 30:9). Footnotes. Salem Media Group. 28 “For this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am about to deliver you into the hands(AV) of those you hate, to those you turned away from in disgust. In Solomon's temple the altar was of larger dimensions ( 2 Chronicles 4:1 . The message is clear: There will be no place to intercede with God, and no place to claim his sanctuary. But a custom of erecting altars might easily lend itself to abuses. There were thus four or five spots in Canaan associated at once with the worship of Yahweh, and the name of their great ancestor, which to Hebrews did not lose their sanctity by the passage of time, namely, Shechem, Bethel, Hebron, Moriah and Beersheba. The word is used in Hebrews 13:10 for the sacrifice offered upon it--the sacrifice Christ offered. Reading 1, Ezekiel 34:11-12, 15-17 11 "For the Lord Yahweh says this: Look, I myself shall take care of my flock and look after it.. 12 As a shepherd looks after his flock when he is with his scattered sheep, so shall I look after my sheep. Possibly it was formed in general imitation of the Temple altars. That the altar violates in principle the law of Exodus 20:25 forbidding the dressing of the stones is obvious, though that passage does not apply in terms to altars of incense, but certainly the appearance of the block does recall in a general way the altars of the other type--the horned altars. Any heavenly life people have within them is the Lord's life. In ( Acts 17:23 ) reference is made to an alter to an unknown God. R. Kittel, Studien zur hebraischen Archaologie und Religions-Geschichte, I and II; Hastings, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics; Murray, Illustrated Bible Dictionary; EB, under the word "Altar"; EPC, chapter 6. No representation of such an altar appears on the arch of Titus, though it is mentioned by Josephus (BJ, V, v, 5). The altar is hollow. 21 So you longed for the lewdness of your youth, when in Egypt your bosom was caressed and your young breasts fondled.[c](AG). Here divine and human interchange is consummated. (Heb. Prophesy against them: Now you, son of man, set your face against the daughters of your people (Ezek 4:3; 20:46; 21:2) (Isa 3:16-26; 4:4) God instructs Ezekiel to put on a bold countenance and to fearlessly to denounce them (Ezek … Structure on which offerings are made to a deity. Again, the narrative in which we see Moses building an altar for the purposes of a covenant probably exemplifies a custom that was in use for other covenants that did not fall to be narrated (Exodus 24:4). See HIGH PLACE. Like the other objects in the courtyard, the altar was made of bronze. Dallas: Word Books, 1990–1994. Ezekiel 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Books of the Prophets.This chapter contains rebukes against "a variety of false prophets", Ezekiel 13:1-16, and false prophetesses, Ezekiel 13:17-23. 1 Kings 9:25 we hear that Solomon was in the habit of offering on the altar which he had built, and this again proves that he had built an altar and did not merely use the temple rock. When it is remembered that the Cakhra stone is 56 ft in length and 42 ft. in width, it is easy to see that it might form a portion of a platform built up above and around it to a level of this size. They will leave you stark naked,(AW) and the shame of your prostitution will be exposed. The reason for this inscription cannot now be accurately determined. Other instances meet us in Joel 2:3 and Isaiah 51:3. Sacrifice was the essential act of external worship. Compare 1 Kings 8:22 1 Kings 8:64 ; 9:25 ), and was made wholly of brass, covering a structure of stone or earth. It was removed by Ahaz ( 2 Kings 16:14 ), and "cleansed" by Hezekiah, in the latter part of whose reign it was rebuilt. It was an art practiced solely from the profit motive (Ezekiel 13:19)." In Exodus 27:3 the various utensils appertaining to the altar are enumerated. These discoveries supply a grim comment on theories of those critics who maintain that incense was not used by the Hebrews before the time of Jeremiah. The next is the altar built at the place of Shechem, by which Abraham formally took possession, on behalf of his descendants, of the whole land of Canaan (Genesis 12:7). And for pieces of bread — See Jeremiah 37:21. On its eastern face the altar had steps looking toward the east (Ezekiel 43:17)--a departure from the earlier practice (for the reason of this, compare Perowne's article "Altar" in Smith, Dictionary of the Bible). No information as to its shape, etc., can be extracted from this notice. For the sake of clearness different terms will be adopted in this article to denote the two kinds of altars. Ezekiel 13:20. 18:5). Mr. Macalister describes it in the following words: "It is a four-sided block of limestone, 1 ft. 3 inches high. Thus when Amos in speaking of Bethel writes, "The horns of the altar shall be cut off," we see that he is not thinking of lay altars which could have no horns (Amos 3:14). Act 4:13, 19,20: Making Him a Channel of Blessing to the Sick Act 5:15: Making His Prayer Effective in the Raising of Tabitha Act 9:40: Qualifying Him to Become a … Abraham built an altar where he pitched his tent between Bethel and Ai. Ezekiel 13:1-16 mentions false prophets, the men who are deceiving the people. It could have no horns, nor it would be impossible to give the stone horns without hewing it, nor would a heap of earth lend itself to the formation of horns. In 22:28 we find them saying, "Be hold the pattern of the altar," etc. The horns of the altar may have functioned as boundary markers, setting apart the sacred space that was the actual place of intersection of the divine and human spheres. On the other hand we meet with a group of passages that refer to altars of quite a different type. Then confront(BL) them with their detestable practices,(BM) 37 for they have committed adultery and blood is on their hands. In shape it was square. In Herod's temple a difficulty is found in harmonizing the accounts of the Mishna and Josephus as to the size of the altar. You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him, and shall take oaths in His name. Allen, Leslie C. Ezekiel 1–19 and Ezekiel 20–48 (WBC). Both history and prophecy thus attest the abiding truth that salvation is by sacrificial blood, and is made available to men through the prayers of saints and sinners offered by a great High Priest. Underneath this rock is a cave, which may probably have been the granary of Araunah's threshing-floor ( 1 Chronicles 21:22 ). The end time (also called end times, end of time, end of days, last days, final days, doomsday, or eschaton) is a future described variously in the eschatologies of several world religions (both Abrahamic and non-Abrahamic), which teach that world events will reach a climax.. The priestly code of Leviticus devotes a great deal of space to proper sacrificial procedure, and to what sacrifices are appropriate in various circumstances. The paragraph describing it (Ezekiel 43:13-17) is very specific, though uncertainty rests on the meaning of some of the details. The Altar of Incense , called also the golden altar to distinguish it from the altar of burnt offering which was called the brazen altar. Your prophets, Israel, are … (mizbach ha-qeToreth), (mizbach ha-zahabh). She became a byword among women,(P) and punishment was inflicted(Q) on her. The altar which stood before the tabernacle was a portable box constructed of acacia wood and covered on the outside with plates of brass (Exodus 27:1). (F), 5 “Oholah engaged in prostitution while she was still mine; and she lusted after her lovers, the Assyrians(G)—warriors(H) 6 clothed in blue, governors and commanders, all of them handsome young men, and mounted horsemen. By this action the worshiper sealed a contract with God. Though no details are given we are able to infer their general character with considerable precision. (Compare Exodus 30:1-6 .). In the stark and moving story of Abraham's encounter with God at Moriah, Abraham built an altar and arranged the wood on it ( Gen 22:9 ). Other altars in Canaanite high places exemplify by their appearance the practices prohibited by the Pentateuch. The fire on the altar was not permitted to go out ( Leviticus 6:9 ). Hebrews 9:19), it was necessary that an altar should be built for the sacrificial act. All rights reserved worldwide. 22 “Therefore, Oholibah, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I will stir up your lovers(AH) against you, those you turned away from in disgust, and I will bring them against you from every side(AI)— 23 the Babylonians(AJ) and all the Chaldeans,(AK) the men of Pekod(AL) and Shoa and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them, handsome young men, all of them governors and commanders, chariot officers and men of high rank, all mounted on horses. Thus, a criminal seeking asylum fled to an altar of this type, as appears from the horns which are mentioned in the two historical instances and also from such expressions as coming down or going up. The original small altar made by Moses was superseded by one made by Solomon. It was sprinkled against the altar ( Lev 1 ); once a year, blood was smeared on the horns of the incense altar. Importance attaches to a terra cotta altar of incense found by Sellin at Taanach, because its height and dimensions at the base recall the altar of Ex. "The church is the Lord's church." The altar stood in "the middle of the court that was before the house," but proved too small to receive the gifts on the day of the temple's dedication (1 Kings 8:64; 2 Chronicles 7:7). ( Genesis 12:7 ; 13:18 ; 26:25 ; 35:1 ) Though generally erected for the offering of sacrifice, in some instances they appear to have been only memorials. It did not, however, actually stand there, but in the outer chamber, "before the veil" (Exodus 40:26). 3 represents an altar found at Gezer built into the foundation of a wall dating about 600 BC. The first was an altar consisting of earth or unhewn stones. (AX) Your lewdness(AY) and promiscuity(AZ) 30 have brought this on you, because you lusted after the nations and defiled yourself with their idols. 2Ki 16:7-15; S 2Ch 28:16; S Eze 16:15, 28, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow God’s Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Acts, Comfort Print, NIV, Chronological Study Bible: Holy Bible, New International Version, NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People. The wicked one cometh - Either inwardly; filling the mind with thoughts of other things; or by his agent. In the apocalypse of John, no temple was in the restored heaven and earth (Revelation 21:22), but in the earlier part of the vision was a temple (Revelation 14:17; 15:6) with an altar and a censer (Revelation 8:3). 13:39) or "to bud" or "to sprout" (BDB 827 I, cf. It differed in construction at different times. (D) In that land their breasts were fondled and their virgin bosoms caressed. They committed adultery with their idols; they even sacrificed their children, whom they bore to me, as food for them. (U) 13 I saw that she too defiled herself; both of them went the same way. New International Version (NIV). Ezekiel 17:1-2 "And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying," "Son of man, put forth a riddle, and speak a parable unto the house of Israel;" We see a break from the last prophecy in this. Ezekiel 28 Prince of Tyre represents Satan, in rebellion in heaven 1 But the deceived ones will turn against Satan 6 King of Tyre represents Satan on earth, compared to his origin 11 Zidon, the last enemies destroyed at the end of the 1000 years 20 The righteous inherit the earth - universe at peace 24 For a chart showing relationships between verses here and ones in Revelation, go. The form of the altar itself is as contrary to the principles of the Pentateuch law as any thing could be. It was required that the covenant about to be made with Yahweh should be ratified with sacrificial blood; but before Moses could sprinkle the Book of the Covenant and the people who covenanted (Exodus 24:6,; compare It may be noted that in Isaiah 27:9 we read of the stones of the altar in a passage the reference of which is uncertain. The material was shittim wood, the dimensions one cubit by one by two, and it also had horns. Their Jerusalem temple had two altars: the altar of incense and the altar of holocausts. According to a note preserved in the Septuagint but not in the Hebrew, Solomon enlarged the altar erected by David on Araunah's threshing-floor (2 Samuel 24:25), but this notice is of very doubtful historical value and may be merely a glossator's guess. The altar of incense was placed inside the sanctuary in front of the curtain screening the Holy of Holies. Presumably this altar had no horns. (V), 14 “But she carried her prostitution still further. For example, when Abraham builds the altar for the sacrifice of Isaac in Genesis 22 it cannot be supposed that he used metal or wrought stone. (See also Watson in PEFS (January, 1910), 15, in reply to Smith.). The Tamiyd, or standing sacrifice for Israel, was a whole burnt offering of a lamb offered twice daily with its meal offering, accompanied with a service of incense. 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