History . This will in turn increase the vulnerability of forests to fires. Vietnam, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Thailand are among 10 countries in the world most affected by climate change in the past 20 years, according to the Global Climate Risk Index (pdf) compiled by Germanwatch, an environmental group. In June 2001, a severe flash flood occurred in the Wundwin Township in central Myanmar, which swept away a number of villages. Climate change and disasters threaten the long-term sustainability of development in Asia and the Pacific. The meeting was said to be pivotal in the development of the strategy. Acquired funding and proper planning has allowed Myanmar to better prepare for the impacts of climate change by enacting programs which teach its people new farming methods, rebuild its infrastructure with materials resilient to natural disasters, and transition various … Flash floods, inundation, destruction of houses and basic infrastructure by tropical storms and cyclones. The drivers of change include: energy and industry sector development, urban development, land use change and deforestation. The government made no progress in creating conditions conducive to the safe, dignified, and voluntary return of the 740,000 Rohingya women, men, and children who fled to Bangladesh beginning in August 2017. The transport sector is the largest consumer of fossil fuels and consumption in this sector is projected to increase dramatically. Methane, contributes 4-9% 6. Oil and gas development can also cause significant environmental damage in marine and coastal ecosystems. Nitrous Oxide 8. Ozone, contributes 3-7% 7. We all know this na 10. This report, briefing paper and presentation are focused on the impacts and understandings of climate change, and local responses and adaptations, based primarily on the experiences of nine villages in • Given Southeast Asia’ s complex geography—with numerous archipelagoes, long coastlines, intricate According to the Global Climate Risk Index, Myanmar ranks among the top three countries most affected by weather related events, which has led to massive displacement of people and the destruction of livelihoods, crops and other food sources. Climate change is likely to affect both the distribution and composition of forests in Myanmar. Climate change, disaster risk reduction and resilience in southeast Myanmar, Vereniging ActionAid International RSIN number: 813342211 Registration number: 27264198. Climate change is likely to impact freshwater biodiversity. The World Bank countsVietnam among five countries most likely to be affected by global warming in th… As a general rule, temperatures and humidity become lower at higher altitudes; in Chin State in the west and parts of Shan State in the east, temperatures can get close to freezing, and in the Himalayan far north they may drop below zero. Industrial production is heavily dependent on raw materials, energy consumption, water use. Increasing sea temperatures and changes to seawater chemical composition affected marine biodiversity, particularly coral reef ecosystems. to climate change. Climate induced disasters severely impact livestock: cyclones cause losses in livestock populations, while extreme high temperatures lead to pests and disease outbreaks such as foot and mouth disease (NAPA, 2012). A changing climate ma… 15/10/2018 Myanmar is highly vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather conditions. The data shows the Earth is warming and it's up to us to make the changes necessary for a healthier planet. When we talk about climate change we are talking about distinct changes in the average state over long periods of time. Integration of gender into the Myanmar Climate Change Strategy and Master Plan (2017-2030) and the Myanmar National Climate Change Policy Findings from community consultations during the policy development process were used to shape how gender considerations were included in the Strategy and Action Plan and the National Climate Change Policy. The Dry Zone is experiencing intense heat and desertification, leading to loss of plant species. There have been notable changes in the flowering and fruiting seasons/times of plant species. Climate is an important environmental influence on ecosystems. ActionAid has teams of people working around the world. The progressive melting of glaciers may have an impact on the Himalayan region of Myanmar which provides large quantities of water to many parts of Myanmar. The region has experienced a significant increase in the number, intensity, and impact of extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones, floods, droughts, and heat waves. 69.2 per cent of households use firewood as their main source of energy (Census, 2014). CLIMATE SMART AGRICUTURE in coastal/delta zone Myanmar “Sustainable Cropland and Forest Management in Priority Agro-ecosystems of Myanmar (GCP/MYA/017/GFF) Project” Published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and AVSI Foundation Nay Pyi Taw, 2019 An increase in extreme high temperatures is already creating problems in the Dry Zone , for example the severe drought in 2009, which impacted major cereal crops (WFP, 2009). These changes can be due to: (a) Natural variations e.g. Technological know-how is needed to support actions on the ground, such as in the form of affordable renewable energy. Myanmar - Myanmar - Climate: Although Myanmar is located in the monsoon region of Asia, its climate is greatly modified by its geographic position and its relief. Between 2001 and 2010, sea-level rise in coastal areas caused cultivated lands inundated, and ground water contamination. Water vapor, contributes (36-72%) 4. mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue will increase. Higher temperatures will reduce the development time for pathogens and thereby increase transmission rates e.g. There is a shift in the range and migration patterns of species . environment to climate change. For example, if climate change is a highly political issue, it may be useful to steer the conversation towards observed and projected changes for specific endpoints of concern (e.g., changes in 25-year storm event or the intensity of brief downpours) or green infrastructure's cobenefits to a community's livability and economic vitality. The excessive sedimentation in the Rakhine State in 2010 damaged rice seedlings and reduced harvests resulting in total damage of USD 1.64 million. According to NAPA the expected changes will increase the vulnerability of power generation as Myanmar has the second highest hydropower potential in Asia after India, and river systems will be significantly impacted by erratic rainfall and droughts. Myanmar Climate Change Alliance. Cyclone Nargis hit the Ayeyarwady Delta in May 2008. Adaptive capacity: the ability of the species to respond to changes in climate. In 2007, extensive record-breaking flooding resulted in the inundation of809,284 hectares of cropland and more than 50per cent of crops were damaged. The predicted increase in droughts and extreme temperatures will increase evapotranspiration from the canopy of trees, causing increased moisture stress. Additional effects of increasing temperatures on human health include, inter alia, heat stress, heat exhaustion and dehydration (. UN Climate Change News, 2 December 2020 - UN Secretary-General António Guterres today delivered a landmark speech on the state of the planet at Columbia University in New York, setting the stage for dramatically scaled-up ambition on climate change over the coming year. Cyclone Giri hit Rakhine State in October 2010, destroying 21,242 houses and affecting at least 224,212 people. The concentration of assets and people in cities increases their vulnerability vis-à-vis severe climate related events. Determining species vulnerability. Eighty of these storms (6.4 per cent of the total) reached Myanmar’s coastline. The study identified the key vulnerabilities of a species based on four factors: Sensitivity: the inability of the species to persist, as is, under changing climatic conditions. The country is undergoing change on multiple fronts, with pressures arising from internal reforms, economic liberalization and global trends, including climate change. Climate change is a critical challenge that Southeast Asia must confront as the region seeks to expand its economy, McKinsey Global Institute said in a report. The industry sector and coal production are going to expand. The rise in temperature in Myanmar is expected to have negative impacts on agricultural production and food security. The first national consultation meeting on 'Climate-Smart Agriculture Strategies in Myanmar' was conducted in September 2014, facilitated by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) in Southeast Asia and the International Rice Research Institute . The modeling results suggest that the mortality rate for the region caused by dengue, malaria, and diarrhea would increase over time as a consequence of climate change. This report, briefing paper and presentation are focused on the impacts and understandings of climate change, and local responses and adaptations, based primarily on the experiences of nine villages in southern Kayin. From 1887 to 2005, 1,248 tropical storms formed in the Bay of Bengal. It left 138,373 dead and affected a further 2.4 million people. During summer 2010, 1,482 heat related illnesses were reported and 260 heat-related deaths occurred across Myanmar. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projects that the average surface temperature of the Earth is likely to increase by 3.2 °F to 7.2 °F (1.8 °C to 4.0 °C) by the end of the 21st century, relative to 1980-1990 (IPCC, 2007c). In coastal areas, small and large towns and villages are already suffering from coastal erosion, increased risk of floods, storm-surges, salinization of water resources for drinking and peri-urban agriculture. The late onset and early withdrawal of the monsoon period will result in large quantities of rain falling over short periods, leading to flooding, contamination of water resources, erosion and limited replenishment of waterways. Climate change has led to more drought and shorter rainy seasons in Mali. For instance, warming may force species to migrate to higher latitudes or higher elevations where temperatures are more conducive to their survival. Over the period 1960-2009, there were shorter rainfall seasons in combination with erratic and intense rainfall resulted in numerous flooding events; From July to October in 2011, there was heavy rain and flooding in the Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon and Rakhine Regions/States. From July to October 2011, heavy rain and flooding in the Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon and Rakhine Regions/States resulted in losses of approximately1.7 million tons of rice. Myanmar will be part of the climate change solution at the UN Climate Action Summit being held in New York on Monday. Unsustainable agricultural practices and encroachment on forested areas (for example through slash and burn) have major environmental implications. Recent cyclones of note include Cyclone Mala (2006), Nargis (2008) and Giri (2010). There is also a risk of erosion for dams that may result in life-threatening hazards if they collapse. Over the past two decades, Myanmar has lost more than three per cent of its forest ecosystems (Forest Resource Assessment, 2015). southern Kayin. CO 2 , CO 2 , … 2017: 6). In response to Climate Change, M yanmar ratified UNFCCC on 25 Nov ember 1994.Myanmar developed its Na tional Adaptation Programme Actions (NAPA) in 2012 by Department of Metrology and Hydrology. Climate change has affected the coastal and marine environment, causing deterioration of mangroves, coral reefs and sea-grass beds, which are vital breeding and feeding grounds for fish. You can visit any of our websites to find out what we're doing and how you can get involved. The Zawgyi River floods in October 2006 caused extensive crop damage. Fire outbreak risks may become more frequent. An increase in the prevalence of drought events: Rainfall variability including erratic and record-breaking intense rainfall events: An increase in extreme high temperatures: (1) Agriculture, Livestock and Food Security, (2) Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Impact of Climate Change and the Case of Myanmar, Myanmar is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world, Frequently Asked Questions on Climate Change in Myanmar, An increase in the prevalence of drought events, An increase in intensity and frequency of cyclones/strong winds, Rainfall variability including erratic and record-breaking intense rainfall events, An increase in the occurrence of flooding and storm surge, Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Policy Brief 6 – Building a Resilient Myanmar Society through Education, Science, and Technology (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 5 – Managing Climate Risks for People’s Health and Well-Being (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 4 – Building Resilient, Inclusive and Sustainable Towns and Cities in Myanmar (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 3 – Resilient and Low-Carbon Energy, Transport and Industrial Systems for Sustainable Growth (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 2 – Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Healthy Ecosystems (Myanmar Version), Drought years were frequent in the 1980s and the 1990s, and there was a severe drought in 2010. Climate change, the periodic modification of Earth’s climate caused by atmospheric changes and the atmosphere’s interactions with geologic, chemical, biological, and geographic factors. In the United States, forests occupy approximately 740 million acres, about one third of the country's total land area. An increase in non-potable fresh water sources will result in communities without safe drinking water, increasing dehydration risks and further exacerbating diarrheal diseases (. 5 This corresponds to 0.2–0.8 per cent of global investment flows, or just 0.06–0.21 per cent of projected global GDP, in 2030. National Climate Change Action Plan (2011 – 2028) Ultimate Outcomes Intermediate Outcomes Goal: To Build the adaptive capacities of women and men in their communities, increase the resilience of vulnerable sectors and natural ecosystems to climate change, and optimize mitigation opportunities towards a gender- During summer 2010, 1,482 heat-related disorders were reported and 260 heat-related deaths occurred across Myanmar. As these will be affected by changes in climate, the industrial sector may also suffer. Warmer Days : Myanmar In the Age of Climate Change - YouTube Climate change ppt 1. The government has partnered with UNDP to strengthen agricultural communities and empower women to mitigate the social and economic impacts of climate change. America's forests provide many benefits and services to society, including clean water and air, recreation, wildlife habitat, carbon storage, climate regulation, and a variety of forest products.Climate influences the structure and function of forest ecosystems and plays an essential role in forest health. The contribution of GHGs from the transport sector was 20 per cent in 2002 (INC, 2012). Shan and Rakhine States are experiencing malaria outbreaks. Originally submitted as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, or INDCs, these become binding Nationally Determined Contributions when a … Changes in temperature and precipitation levels, as well as extreme climate events (drought and floods) have caused forest die-back, conversion of forests to grasslands/steppes/deserts and increased the spread of invasive species/insect pests. Climate change is likely to affect both the distribution and composition of forests in Myanmar. The highly productive deltaic and low-lying coastal rice cultivation areas will be exposed to increased salinity, coastal erosion and inundation. In 2010, severe drought diminished village water sources across the country and destroyed agricultural yields of peas, sugar cane, tomato, and rice. CFC-12 9. Greenhouse gases 3. From 1989-1998, the annual deforestation rate in Myanmar is estimated at 466,420 hectares per year. In the meantime, the country’s socio-economic development is Current global funding for adaptation is a fraction of this figure and access to these funds for developing countries is often lengthy Transport infrastructure may be affected by cyclones and floods. Climate change will affect forest carbon pools in some countries of the region. Townships like Labutta, or Bogalay are an example of this vulnerability. While the government continues its efforts, it does need the support of partners like the UNDP. In Myanmar, climate change has already resulted in increasing severity and frequency of: (i) extreme events such as tropical cyclones, heavy rains and flooding, heat waves and drought events; and (ii) coastal hazards such as severe storm surges, among others. Climate change is defined as gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet over approximately 30 years. Average temperatures in Southeast Asia have risen every decade since 1960. The services provided by the eco-system are vulnerable to changes in temperature, seasons and other effects of global warming. Degradation of vegetation cover and poor land management around Inle Lake (Myanmar’s largest lake) has caused severe soil erosion and sedimentation resulting in the lake becoming shallower, impacting tourism, recreational activities and biodiversity. Prices of food in cities may also increase as a result of decreased production, with potential for conflict and socio-economic vulnerability of urban dwellers. Overview The military committed serious human rights violations, including war crimes, in Kachin, Rakhine, and Shan States. According to several studies, Myanmar is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to Climate Change. In June 2010, intense rains resulted in excessive sedimentation of paddy fields in Rakhine State. climate change are located in Southeast Asia: Myanmar, the Philippines, ailand, and V ietnam. Over the past 6 decades it has observed rising temperatures, increased rainfall, and more intense and frequent weather events such as cyclones, floods, and drought. 2. Myanmar is one of the world’s countries most vulnerable to climate change (Kreft et al. Loosely defined, climate is the average weather at a distinct place that incorporates temperature, precipitation, and other features. Major cities like Yangon can also expect greater risk of flooding. But industries and factories are also exposed to severe natural events (Cyclone Nargis produced a damage of US$1,814 Million (NAPA 2012) as their infrastructure can be destroyed, with impact on livelihood of their workers. Salinization is also a threat in coastal areas. Changes in temperature and precipitation levels, as well as extreme climate events (drought and floods) have caused forest die-back, conversion of forests to grasslands/steppes/deserts and increased the spread of invasive species/insect pests. Cyclones cause loss of fishing vessels and impact offshore, inshore and inland fisheries, causing high economic losses (NAPA, 2012). Health. Changing climate affects ecosystems in a variety of ways. July and August 2015 flooding and landslides displaced 1.6 million people caused almost 120 deaths, and damaged agriculture and infrastructure. Carbon dioxide, contributes 9-26% 5. From 1910 to 2000, 12 major floods occurred in the country. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. Increasing temperatures and erratic precipitation patterns will create favourable conditions for the spread of infectious diseases. Climate change has a very heavy impact on the fragile eco-system balances. Myanmar is a large country and temperatures can vary significantly. It’s Getting Hot in Here Ewww, Global Warming. The NDCs spell out the actions countries intend to take to address climate change – both in terms of adaptation and mitigation. 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